Runes in Modern Warfare: Ideological and Propaganda Weapon

Ancient runic symbols have once again become the focus of modern warfare, playing a key role in propaganda and ideology. Amid Russian aggression against Ukraine, these historical symbols have become tools for asserting claims of historical continuity and cultural roots. How are these symbols used in contemporary conflicts? Why have they regained popularity, and what role do they play in propaganda warfare?

Why does Russia provoke NATO states?

Russia’s hybrid warfare against the West escalated last week with multiple provocations occurring along the NATO border. Propastop investigates the underlying motives behind these actions

Russian war bloggers gleefully waved Shoigu goodbye

Ultra-nationalist Russian war bloggers sent Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu away from his position with gleeful mockery and welcomed the new minister with warm words. Propastop provides an overview of why the old broom was hated and the new one awaited.

Narrative X-ray: Russia tries to blame others for its human rights violations

According to a widely spread and well-known propaganda story from the Soviet era, human rights are constantly being violated in Western countries. Moreover, in addition to the human rights of their own citizens, Western countries are supposed to violate the human rights of third-world residents all the time when they interfere in the affairs of those countries. One of the few countries without human rights problems, according to this narrative, is Russia.

“Ukrainization” has become a dog whistle for Kremlin supporters

Both “Deukrainianization” and “Ukrainization” are used by Kremlin propagandists. One reveals the true goal of Russia’s war, the other attempts distorts an existing word to erode opposition to Russia’s war. Both need to be understood together.

The Kremlin is quietly dropping its “denazification” line

Kremlin propaganda began depicting Ukrainians as Nazis in 2014, although there is little coherence to Putin’s narrative about denazifying Ukraine – so the term appears increasingly less frequently.

Screenshots of fake news articles are on the rise across social media

Headlines are impactful. Propagandists know that most people who see the screenshot of a headline on social media won’t investigate to see if the actual article was ever really published.

Narrative X-Ray: Russia’s ‘nuclear fist’

Russia threatens nuclear war with increasing frequency, partly to distract from discussing the progress of its war against Ukraine. In our second Narrative X-Ray, we discuss how Russia developed its ‘nuclear fist’ and what else it aims to achieve with this rhetoric.

Kremlin propaganda is seeping into Reddit

Reddit, “the front page of the internet”, brings together niche online communities in largely positive ways. But where there’s people to influence, Kremlin propagandists are there too.

‘Valerian’ is a new Propastop initiative to reach our Russian neighbours

Attacks on Estonia’s information space have increased dramatically since the start of Russia’s war on Ukraine. Project Valerian aims to tackle the problem at its source.